Time Team

#1 - Normanton, Lincolnshire - An Anglo-Saxon Cemetery 8.67

Season 8 - Episode 1

On the surface it looks just like any other large Lincolnshire field. But when a pipe was laid across it a couple of years previously the trench dug then revealed a number of shallow graves. An exploratory dig in 1998 identified them as Anglo-Saxon – on a site which also threw up large quantities of Roman remains. An earlier water pipe, laid in 1954, had uncovered a lot of Roman pottery here too. So what did it all indicate? And what could Time Team learn about this possible Anglo-Saxon cemetery and former Roman settlement in the three days available?.

#2 - Lambeth Palace, London - The Archbishop's Back Garden 8.56

Season 2 - Episode 4

The Archbishop's Back Garden. Historically it was believed that the original Roman road into London veered east and crossed the river at Tower Bridge, placing the original site for the Roman capital of Londinium in the financial centre of the modern day city. But 60 years ago an amateur archaeologist, Bernard Davis, upset the status quo when he excavated what he believed to be the remains of the first Roman road into London - in the gardens at Lambeth Palace. Yet the existence of the road has never been verified and the site left unexplored. The Time Team have just three days to try and relocate Bernard Davis' Roman road and solve some of the fascinating questions its discovery poses. Did the first road the Romans built into London really cross the river at Lambeth rather than Tower Bridge and if so, does this mean that Lambeth, and not the City, was the site of the original Roman settlement?

#3 - Glendon Hall, Northants - The Bodies In The Shed 8.50

Season 13 - Episode 1

The Bodies in the Shed - Glendon's lost graveyard. Tony and the team return for a new series, visiting Glendon Hall in Northamptonshire to unravel the mystery of the human skeletons found under an outbuilding. In November 2004 Martin Hipwell was working in the garden converting a Victorian brick shed. He had to stop rather suddenly because as he dug up the old floors he came across a whole host of human skeletons. He contacted the local unit, Northampton Archaeology, who revealed 11 burials inside one of the buildings. They removed seven sets of human remains. But in another barn the builders discovered yet more remains. They left these undisturbed and Martin got in touch with Time Team. Before Martin carried on his building work he wanted to know who these people were and where they lived. All these burials were aligned east-to-west. They were closely packed and some had been buried on top of others. The density of the burials, the orientation and the lack of finds and gravestones suggested that these were the graves of medieval Christian peasants. Bone analysis indicates that these people suffered from lives of hard labour and poor nutrition. Could they have been inhabitants of the lost medieval village of Glendon? And what happened to Glendon's church dedicated to St Helen? Could the piles of old architectural stonework in the garden be a clue?

#4 - Turkdean, Gloucestershire - Roman villa 8.31

Season 5 - Episode 4

Tony Robinson and the team return to the site of a previous dig in 1998 which unearthed a Roman villa in the Cotswolds. They discover that the villa dates from the very first days of the Roman occupation. Amongst their new finds is an entire, untouched Roman water course.

#5 - Wierre-Effroy, France - One Of The First Spitfires Lost In France 8.30

Season 7 - Episode 3

One of the first spitfires lost in France. It was on 23 May 1940 that a young English pilot climbed into the cockpit of his Spitfire to join a formation of aircraft flying across the Channel to help defend troops retreating in the face of the Nazi advance. Paul Klipsch, aged 24, had never flown in a combat mission before; he was never to do so again. The young pilot was shot down over northern France. He had become one of the first of the 1,500 Royal Air Force pilots who were to give their lives during the early period of the Second World War. The RAF's combat report recorded simply that he had been 'Killed in Action'. The place where his plane came down, in a farmer's field outside the small French village of Wierre-Effroy, near Boulogne, has always been known. Two brothers, Auguste and René Mierlot, had seen it shot down by a Messerschmitt 110, at about 6pm that May evening. They remembered it well because half an hour later German troops entered their village. Despite the Nazi presence, local people retrieved Paul Klipsch's body from the remains of his aircraft and buried him in the village cemetery. His grave, now marked with an RAF headstone, remains there to this day. But while the time and place of this young pilot's death had long been known, we still knew little about how and why his Spitfire crashed. Time Team decided to see what could be revealed.

#6 - Groby, Leicestershire - House of the White Queen 8.22

Season 18 - Episode 7

Groby Old Hall in Leicestershire was once home to the legendary White Queen: Elizabeth, the wife of Edward IV. The Team are here to help the new owners, who have saved the house from dereliction, to find out what has gone on in their garden over the centuries. It's full of tantalising glimpses of archaeology: a medieval wall with a window, carved stones and what looks like the remains of a Norman castle.

#7 - Reedham, Norfolk - Bombers in Reedham Marshes 8.17

Season 6 - Episode 8

February the 21st 1944. 800 American bombers are returning from a raid on targets in Germany. It’s three o’clock in the afternoon, they’d been in the air for five hours and finally, they’ve left the last of the enemy fighters and flak batteries behind. Everyone relaxes as they pass over the Norfolk coast. Then... Tragedy. They were just minutes away from safety of their base when suddenly one of the bombers collided with another, and the two planes came plummeting down to earth somewhere round here in the Reedham Marshes. All 21 crewmembers were killed. So what exactly happened? We got just three days to try and shed some light on the mystery.We’re gonna be excavating one of the planes in the hope that its carcass may yield some clues if there’s any of it left, and we’re gonna try and find out as much as we can about the two crews and the events that led up to the crash.

#8 - Codnor Castle, Derbyshire - Gold In The Moat 8.10

Season 15 - Episode 1

The crumbling ruins of Codnor Castle are a sad remnant of the imposing home of the De Grey family - knights who saw action in almost every important medieval battle including the crusades and Agincourt. Today Codnor Castle lies in ruins and there's almost nothing known of how it looked in its prime. As the remains above ground get an overdue renovation, the Time Team risk the dangers of hidden mine shafts in the Derbyshire coalfields to dig into the heart of a building that once dominated the landscape to trace the castle's history. It lives up to the team's hopes as they strike gold with a 600-year-old gold noble coin as well as uncovering a huge round tower and, for the first time in the history of the programme, a drawbridge.

#9 - Kenfig, Bridgend - Secrets of the Dunes 8.07

Season 19 - Episode 8

Eight hundred years ago the people of Kenfig on the south coast of Wales thought they had built the perfect town, nestled round a harbour with easy access to the sea and a sheltered position. The town appears to have been a thriving commercial success but then it vanished, leaving just a few castle walls to mark its existence.

#10 - Tottiford Reservoir, Devon - Reservoir Rituals 8.00

Season 18 - Episode 1

The first stone henge to be discovered in Britain for a century would be cause enough for major celebration. But there's double bubbles as Tony Robinson and his hardy team of archaeologists celebrate their 200th dig. The site is the bed of a Devon reservoir with a strange assortment of prehistoric remains. The reservoir has been specially drained, but the diggers still face three days of wading through thick, sticky mud as they piece together the story of thousands of years of rituals performed in this beautiful secret valley high up on Dartmoor. The Team slowly uncover a network of monuments that suggest they have found a major prehistoric site. But the best discovery is left until the last day when they unearth the remains of that stone henge. It's the perfect end to a milestone in the programme's history

#11 - Llangorse, Powys - The Fortress in the Lake 8.00

Season 1 - Episode 4

The Fortress in the Lake. In the Dark Ages, a powerful king decided to show how powerful he was and built a man made island in the middle of a lake and stuck a palace on top of it. Who was the king and who were the builders and what happened to them all? The time team visits the site of this Dark Age man-made island, known as a Crannog, in Llangorse Lake near Brecon in Wales.

#12 - Westminster Abbey, London - Corridors of Power 8.00

Season 17 - Episode 1

In the first episode of the new series, Tony Robinson, Professor Mick Aston and the Team investigate one of Britain's greatest historic landmarks: Westminster Abbey. Surrounded by the sights and sounds of Parliament Square, the archaeologists have three days to pin down the location of a lost sacristy, a stronghold that was built by Henry III almost 800 years ago and is said to have housed the biggest collection of treasure this side of the Alps. Under the watchful eye of the Abbey's clergy and numerous tourists, the diggers' attempts to find this important building are continually thwarted by the driving London rain and centuries of later building work.

#13 - South Perrott, Dorset - The Puzzle Of Picket's Farm 8.00

Season 12 - Episode 10

Thirty years ago the Legg family took over this farm in West Dorset, almost immediately they discovered that one end of this field was difficult to plough and they put it down to the stony soil. But then earlier this year Roman finds started to crop up all over the field. Roof tile, pottery, Roman coins, broaches, what’s going on? The Legg’s are itching to know. Is there a Roman building here that could account for their broken ploughs. Time Team’s got just three days to find out and let them know.

#14 - Alderton, Northamptonshire - The Man Who Bought A Castle 8.00

Season 8 - Episode 2

A couple of years ago, local man Derek Batten was driving through the village of Alderton, near Northampton, when he was surprised to see a sign advertising a castle and moat for sale. He was intrigued because he didn't even know there was a castle in the area. He decided to find out more – and ended up buying what was believed to be the remains of a Norman castle, now almost completely covered by trees and vegetation. Unable to discover very much else about the site, he contacted Time Team. The Team's task was to find out who built it, when, and how much of it remains.

#15 - Norman Cross, Cambridgeshire - Death and Dominoes 8.00

Season 17 - Episode 7

The Team visit Norman Cross in Cambridgeshire, a site that is over 200 years old and housed the world's first ever purpose-built prisoner of war camp. It has never before been excavated and the team are keen to unearth the final resting place of almost 2,000 prisoners who died at the camp, but what they discover takes them all by surprise.

#16 - Llygadwy, Wales - The Celtic Spring 7.99

Season 8 - Episode 3

In a secluded valley in Wales, what may be a medieval or even Roman trackway leads down to a natural spring. Right in the middle of it is a megalith, a large standing stone, perhaps 3,000 years older than the track. Nearby, there are the remains of what appears to be a Neolithic tomb, and overlooking it what is reputed locally to be a Norman – or maybe Roman – watchtower. Stones in a ruined building on the site have early Christian symbols inscribed on them, leading to speculation that it may have been an early chapel. And in and around the spring itself the landowner has found hundreds of Roman coins, medieval jewellery, blades, buckles, statuettes and a strange collection of weirdly carved stone heads. Time Team set out to uncover the story behind this strange collection of archaeological features and finds.

#17 - Turkdean, Gloucestershire - Revisited 7.92

Season 6 - Episode 9

Eighteen months ago, Time Team discovered under this Gloucester field what maybe one of the largest Roman villas yet excavated in Britain. We found whole ranges of rooms including a beautiful bath house arranged around three courtyards spreading all over this plateau. But at the end of the three days, just when we thought we finally understood the villa, geophysics came up with another whole range of buildings running all the way up that hillside. Could this simply mean that the villa was even larger than we’d originally thought, or was there something rather extraordinary happening here 1600 years ago? Time Team just had to come back to Turkdean to find out.

#18 - An Englishman's Castle 7.89

Season 20 - Episode 11

When the Barlowsbought Upton Castle in Pembrokeshire they weren't sure if it was a Victorian folly or an Anglo-Norman castle. Time Team try to discover if it was one of the Anglo-Norman castles built to defend 'Little England beyond Wales' from the locals.

#19 - Cirencester, Gloucestershire - The Mosaic At The Bottom Of The Garden 7.87

Season 7 - Episode 2

The Mosaic at the Bottom of the garden. The team of archaeological experts visits Cirencester, which in AD300 was one of the most important towns in Roman Britain.

#20 - Isle of Mull, Inner Hebrides - A Saintly Site 7.86

Season 17 - Episode 2

Time Team descend on the Isle of Mull at the invitation of two local amateur archaeologists to investigate a mysterious set of earthworks in a forest near Tobermory. Could they be the remains of a chapel from the time of St Columba?

#21 - Launceston, Cornwall - Medieval Leper Hospital 7.86

Season 4 - Episode 2

An exciting discovery is made when the team attempts to solve the mystery of a well-preserved female skeleton.

#22 - Plympton St Maurice, Devon 7.86

Season 6 - Episode 5

I’m standing on top of the motte and bailey of Plympton Castle in Devon. You know mottes and baileys from your school days, they’re those great towering lumps that the Normans threw up all over the country. And these walls are all that are left of the original castle that was built here over 700 years ago. Now in towns and villages, normally the medieval stuff disappears, it gets built over and we lose it, but here in Plympton the local people believe there’s enough of it left down there, for us to be able to work out the layout and the boundary of the medieval town that existed at the same time as that castle.

#23 - Hooke Court, Dorset - School Diggers Medieval 7.86

Season 14 - Episode 3

School Diggers.Today, Hooke Court is a school, but it's buildings date from the time of the English Civil War. Parts of the building suggest that it dates from an even earlier time and that it was once a much grander building.

#24 - Papcastle, Cumbria 7.86

Season 6 - Episode 2

While they were building this extension to their house here in Papcastle in Cumbria, the Buckingham family discovered this piece of Roman pottery. Can you see that little bird on the tree there? But that was just the start of their discoveries. They came up with these two quern stones, whole boxes of finds and they’ve even got what appears to be the outline of a Roman building right here. Being fans of Time Team, they contacted us because they want to find out what on Earth the Romans could have been doing here in their back garden nearly 2000 years ago. And as usual, we got just three days to find out.

#25 - Crewkerne, Somerset - How to Lose a Castle 7.86

Season 19 - Episode 10

For generations a family of Somerset farmers have been wondering if there was ever actually a castle on top of the hill they call Castle Hill. Records show there was a Norman castle in the area, but they are not clear about exactly where and there are several likely locations. The only answer is for Tony and the Team to dig - once all the kit has been hauled up the steep slopes.