The Best Episodes Directed by Rob Bowman
#1 - Always
Castle (2009) Season 4 - Episode 23
When the murder of an Army veteran puts Beckett on the trail of the man who shot her, Castle must decide how much he's willing to sacrifice to keep her safe. As secrets are revealed and feelings are put on the table, the lives of the detectives at the 12th Precinct may never be the same.
#2 - Hunt (2)
Castle (2009) Season 5 - Episode 16
In the powerful conclusion of a two-episode story arc, when the FBI fails to get his daughter back, Castle takes matters into his own hands, reaching out to a shadowy fixer to help him recover Alexis. But Castle soon learns that his daughter's kidnapping may be part of an even more sinister agenda.
#3 - Knockout
Castle (2009) Season 3 - Episode 24
Beckett's investigation into her mother's death is reactivated when Hal Lockwood - a professional hitman with knowledge of Beckett's mother's murder - stages a spectacular escape during a court hearing. As police launch a manhunt for Lockwood, Castle and the team uncover evidence of a deeper conspiracy involving a mysterious figure with law enforcement connections who is linked to both Lockwood's escape and the killing of Johanna Beckett.
#4 - After the Storm
Castle (2009) Season 5 - Episode 1
After four seasons of "will they" or "won't they," Richard Castle and Kate Beckett finally gave in to their feelings for each other. Season 5 picks up on the proverbial morning after, with Castle and Beckett facing new questions -- Was this a one-time fling, or are they now a couple? But before they find the answers, they must take on the forces responsible for Beckett's mother's murder that now threaten Kate Beckett's life.
#5 - Veritas
Castle (2009) Season 6 - Episode 22
A secret investigation conducted by Beckett related to her mother's murder goes awry when a man she has been surveilling is killed. When evidence links Beckett to the victim, she and Castle become the targets of a manhunt that puts both of them in grave danger.
#6 - Time Will Tell
Castle (2009) Season 6 - Episode 5
A grisly murder investigation leads Castle and Beckett to a suspect who claims he's traveled back in time to stop terrible events from unfolding, events that will change the course of human history. Is he simply a deluded killer, or is it possible that he's telling the truth?
#7 - Disciple
Castle (2009) Season 6 - Episode 9
Castle and Beckett arrive at a crime scene to discover that the female victim bears a shocking resemblance to Medical Examiner Lanie Parish. As the team tries to make sense of this mystery, they realize the killer may be targeting detectives of the 12th Precinct. Dr. Kelly Nieman, an exclusive Manhattan cosmetic surgeon who draws Castle and Beckett's interest because of her connection to the victim.
#9 - Setup (1)
Castle (2009) Season 3 - Episode 16
Castle and Beckett investigate the apparent robbery-homicide of a New York cab driver, only to discover that the victim was involved in a mysterious conspiracy with unimaginable consequences. As the stakes continue to rise, hard-charging federal agent Mark Fallon takes over the investigation. Together, Fallon, Beckett and Castle must race to unmask the truth about the victim before it's too late.
#10 - A Deadly Game
Castle (2009) Season 2 - Episode 24
Nothing is as it seems when Castle and Beckett investigate what appears to be the assassination of an intelligence operative. Meanwhile, Beckett's romance with Demming threatens her relationship with Castle, forcing them to confront their feelings for each other.
#11 - Murder, He Wrote
Castle (2009) Season 5 - Episode 4
Castle and Beckett’s plans for a romantic weekend in the Hamptons are interrupted when a dying man stumbles into Castle’s backyard, collapsing into his pool. Unable to escape the lure of the investigation they join up with the small town’s well-intentioned, but inexperienced sheriff to find the killer.
#12 - In the Belly of the Beast
Castle (2009) Season 6 - Episode 17
Beckett is recruited to assist on a Narcotics investigation, but a routine mission turns deadly when an undercover operation goes awry. To survive, Beckett must engage in a battle of wits against some of the most dangerous men in the New York underworld – including a powerful enemy from her past.
#14 - Rise
Castle (2009) Season 4 - Episode 1
In a riveting opening that picks up just moments after last season's climactic finale, Detective Beckett fights for her life as Castle, plagued by guilt over his role in the events, struggles to uncover who's behind her brutal shooting. Meanwhile, back at the precinct, Ryan and Esposito have to adjust, as Victoria "Iron" Gates becomes the precinct's new uncompromising Captain.
#15 - One Son (2)
The X-Files Season 6 - Episode 12
The Cigarette-Smoking Man reveals all the government secrets from the past 50 years in order for his son, Jeffery Spender, to join him in his work. Mulder learns that the final stage of the conspiracy will soon begin with the hybridization of the Syndicate members, and he must stop it from happening. Agent Spender deceives his father and arranges for Mulder and Scully to be reassigned to the X-Files, which doesn't sit too well with the Cigarette-Smoking Man.
#16 - Paper Clip (3)
The X-Files Season 3 - Episode 2
A.D. Skinner and Scully are at a standoff when Mulder bursts in and discovers that Skinner has the digital tape. Reunited, Mulder and Scully travel to a secret vault inside a mine and find an elaborate filing system of medical records which reveals that Mulder's sister may not have been the first choice for abduction. Meanwhile, Skinner deals with the Cigarette-Smoking Man for their safety.
#17 - Reckoning (2)
Castle (2009) Season 7 - Episode 15
In the second installment of the Castle two-parter, stakes rise as the 12th Precinct matches wits with serial killers Jerry Tyson (3XK) and Dr. Kelly Nieman. With the clock ticking, Castle and the team must crack the case before the killers claim their next victim.
#18 - End Game (2)
The X-Files Season 2 - Episode 17
The alien bounty hunter kidnaps Scully and wants to trade her for Mulder's sister, who is revealed to be a clone herself. After the trade goes badly and Mulder discovers the truth about Samantha, he tracks the bounty hunter to his ship buried in the arctic ice and demands the whereabouts of his real sister.
#19 - Kick the Ballistics
Castle (2009) Season 4 - Episode 4
While investigating the mysterious shooting death of a young woman, Castle and Beckett face a cop's worst nightmare when they discover that the gun used in the killing is Det. Ryan's old service weapon - the one that was stolen by the serial killer, 3XK. Now with the clock ticking, the team must work to solve the murder, track down 3XK and retrieve Ryan's gun before the killer strikes again.
#20 - A Deadly Affair
Castle (2009) Season 3 - Episode 1
Beckett and her team burst into an apartment on a murderer's trail, just to be surprised when they see Castle, who they haven't heard or seen in months, standing over a dead woman's body holding a gun. Beckett, has no other choice but to arrest Castle until he proves his innocence.
#21 - Flowers for Your Grave
Castle (2009) Season 1 - Episode 1
Author Richard Castle joins NYC Detective Kate Beckett to help solve the case of a serial killer, who is reenacting murders from Castle's novels. Castle becomes very intrigued with the murders and continues to shadow Beckett, much to her chagrin.
#22 - Punked
Castle (2009) Season 3 - Episode 4
Castle and Beckett look into the murder of a young mathematician gunned down with a 200-year-old bullet, sparking some wild theories by Castle about a time-traveling killer. When their investigation uncovers a tricked-out DeLorean and a suspect in Victorian clothing, is it possible Castle's crazy idea has some validity?
#23 - Tempus Fugit (1)
The X-Files Season 4 - Episode 17
While celebrating Scully's 33rd birthday, a strange woman informs Mulder that NICAP member Max Fenig (see Fallen Angel) has recently died in a plane crash. After a visit to the crash site and finding Max's body with radiation burns on it, Mulder suggests that the plane was intercepted by a UFO and is rapidly being covered up by the military.
#25 - Tunguska (1)
The X-Files Season 4 - Episode 8
A rock sample taken from Mars is intercepted at an airport and infects a security officer with the Black Cancer, while Mulder is given a tip about potentially dangerous paramilitary operations but is doubtful when the informant turns out to be Alex Krycek. Reluctantly, Mulder accepts Krycek's help and tracks the rock to Russia where he discovers an elaborate test being performed by Russian scientists.
#26 - The Mistress Always Spanks Twice
Castle (2009) Season 2 - Episode 16
When a half-naked woman is found covered in caramel sauce and hanging by bondage cuffs in a public park, Castle and Beckett's investigation takes them into New York's underground world of sexual domination. Naturally the case serves as sexy fodder for their already charged relationship banter.
#27 - Biogenesis (1)
The X-Files Season 6 - Episode 22
Two scientists confer about each of their metal objects that were found in Africa and they theorize that the objects are pieces of a puzzle which could be undeniable proof that human, plant, and animal life did not originate on this planet. When one of the scientists is killed and the objects are stolen, the agents investigate and Mulder begins to experience severe neurological pain caused by the objects.
#28 - The Double Down
Castle (2009) Season 2 - Episode 2
When two separate murders are committed on the same night, Castle wagers Ryan and Esposito that he and Beckett will solve theirs first. The frenzied race to catch their respective killers and win the bet leads each investigative duo to a likely suspect, only to find that they both have airtight alibis. But bizarre twists in both cases force the two teams to work together to unravel the mind-bending mystery behind each murder.
#29 - Deep in Death
Castle (2009) Season 2 - Episode 1
Castle has a lot going on. He's trying to finish his new novel Heat Wave and trying to figure out how to fix things with Beckett. But circumstances force the pair back together to investigate the mysterious murder of a man found dead, tangled in the limbs of a tree.
#30 - Driven
Castle (2009) Season 7 - Episode 1
In the Season 6 finale, as Richard Castle drove to his much-anticipated nuptials, an ominous black SUV bore down on him. Meanwhile, after waiting in vain for Castle to arrive at the wedding, Beckett was called to an accident scene to find Castle's car in a ravine, engulfed in flames. Who or what caused the car crash? Is there any way Castle could have survived? The episode will pick-up at the scene of that accident, right where the finale left off, in a premiere that promises to put Beckett through the toughest case of her career
#31 - Paper Hearts
The X-Files Season 4 - Episode 10
Mulder's dreams help him in finding the body of a little girl which reopens one of his old cases in the Violent Crimes Unit and leads him to believe the killer he captured had more victims and may have taken his sister many years before.
#32 - Memento Mori
The X-Files Season 4 - Episode 14
Scully's recent failing health is revealed to be inoperable brain cancer, which is common among abductees. She meets with other abductees with the same condition and forms a special bond with a dying woman, while Mulder tries to save her from a doctor who may be connected with the abductions.
#33 - Third Year
Code Black Season 3 - Episode 1
A drug bust-turned-shootout tests the bravery of the doctors of Angels Memorial as they race to save a girl caught in the crossfire. Also, Willis shifts his focus to field medicine, choosing to work primarily on an ambulance with his new partner, paramedic Rox. And Leanne begins her journey to adopt Ariel.
#35 - XY (1)
Castle (2009) Season 8 - Episode 1
After passing the Captain's exam last season, Beckett was surprised with an offer to run for State Senate. In the action packed season premiere, Castle and Beckett are adjusting to Beckett's career change, when a call from a mysterious stranger sets off an explosive chain of events. There are two sides to every story, and this unique two-parter will explore the same story from each of their perspectives, first from Castle's side as he searches for Beckett.
#36 - Child's Play
Castle (2009) Season 7 - Episode 4
When an ice cream vender is shot, evidence leads Beckett and Castle to believe that an unknown second-grader may have vital information about the case. Castle goes undercover at an elementary school to try and identify the second-grader but nothing goes as planned.
#37 - Terma (2)
The X-Files Season 4 - Episode 9
While imprisoned in Russia and infected with the Black Cancer, Mulder learns that Krycek is working with the men responsible and everything has been a setup from the start, while Scully and Skinner are called to a suspicious Senate hearing where the only question is the whereabouts of Agent Mulder.
#38 - A Matter of Honor
Star Trek: The Next Generation Season 2 - Episode 8
Commander Riker participates in an officer's exchange program which lands him an assignment on a Klingon Bird-of-Prey. Meanwhile, a Bezite ensign has trouble assimilating to the routines of the Enterprise.
#39 - Hell Hath No Fury
Castle (2009) Season 1 - Episode 4
The investigation behind a body found wrapped in a rug on the sidewalk leads Castle and Beckett deep inside the world of New York City politics. The partners discover a world of expensive escorts, arrogant tycoons, corrupt investigators, and the effects of betrayal.
#40 - Hedge Fund Homeboys
Castle (2009) Season 1 - Episode 3
When a teenaged boy whose family has recently fallen on hard times is found dead in a boat in Central Park, Castle and Beckett must piece together the mystery behind the boy's final moments. Meanwhile, Castle mulls over leaving Martha home while he chaperones Alexis' trip to Washington, D.C.
#41 - Drive
The X-Files Season 6 - Episode 2
Mulder is trapped in a car with a man who has developed a serious ear condition which can only be suppressed by driving west at high speeds. As Scully tries to find the cause and a cure for the problem, Mulder and the man get closer and closer to the ocean.
#43 - Wetwired
The X-Files Season 3 - Episode 23
After a man kills three people and his wife because he mistook them for a ruthless middle eastern dictator, Mulder and Scully discover a test involving mind control using television signals that make people's worst fears become real in any form.
#44 - What If They Find Him?
Day Break Season 1 - Episode 6
Hopper tracks down a major player in the conspiracy to frame him for Garza's murder. He also learns he must weigh the consequences of his decisions after he sees the results of his actions affect the day with adverse results.
#45 - Pusher
The X-Files Season 3 - Episode 17
Mulder and Scully are asked to help in a case involving Robert Patrick Modell, a murderer possessing the psychic ability to force his will onto people. Due to a brain tumor that is slowly killing him, he is searching for a "worthy adversary" and forces Mulder into a battle of mind over matter.
#46 - The Night General
The Rookie Season 2 - Episode 2
Nolan teams up with new night detective Pablo Armstrong for a murder investigation case that results in an unexpected reunion with a former love interest. Bradford reluctantly accepts help from Chen as he prepares for his sergeant exam. West pursues an unconventional move after finding himself in need of a new home.
#47 - Piper Maru (1)
The X-Files Season 3 - Episode 15
A French salvage ship searching for a lost WWII fighter plane unknowingly surfaces an alien which appears in the form of black oil and has the ability to jump hosts. Mulder heads to Hong Kong to investigate the salvage broker who sold the information to the French and he encounters Krycek, who has been selling information from the MJ documents. As Mulder prepares to take Krycek back to the US, the alien makes its way to Hong Kong and takes control of Krycek.
#49 - The New Deal
The Catch Season 2 - Episode 1
FBI Special Agent Justine Diaz has a deal for Ben, which gets him out of prison right away in exchange for staging cons and tipping off the FBI so they can arrest criminals. His work on Ben's case gets Jules Dao promoted, but it comes with moving to D.C. Rhys stages a prison break to get Ben out, thus ruining the latter's deal with the FBI. In exchange for help from within the prison, Rhys promised Ben's help on a snatch and grab con with a surprising twist. This leads to the FBI being able to arrest a criminal, meaning the deal with Ben's back on the table. Meanwhile, Alice's brother Tommy comes to town for his sister's help when he discovers someone created a bank account in his name with three million dollars in it. Valerie focuses on getting AVI up and running again after the FBI investigation into the firm caused them to lose all their clients.
#50 - A.K.A. Kansas
The Adventures of Brisco County, Jr. Season 1 - Episode 15
Another of Bly's gang, Doc McCoy, is planning to steal an experimental weapon from a government facility. McCoy is Dixie Cousins' ex-husband, and is interested in renewing their relationship. Brisco manages to use Dixie to infiltrate McCoy's gang under the assumed alias of Kansas Wily Stafford. Unfortunately, the real Wily shows up. Ultimiately, we find out that McCoy is after one of the Orbs. As Brisco tries to get the Orb, he meets a future version of himself bearing another Orb, who has come back in time to help Brisco and assure he gets the Orb in the present.
#51 - Ma Dalton
MacGyver Season 4 - Episode 8
Jack receives mementos of his father from an anonymous sender. This triggers a search for Jack´s mother, who has been missing since Jack was a boy. But when he finally gets to meet her, she turns out to be a fugitive in fear of her life, and Jack´s presence only complicate things more.
#52 - Pilot
Day Break Season 1 - Episode 1
When Detective Brett Hopper woke up this morning, he thought it was a normal day, a day like any other one, but he rapidly find out that he is accused of killing Assistant District Attorney Alberto Garza. Even after offering a solid alibi, no one is believing him. The next morning, when he wakes up, he finds out that he is reliving the same day and that his loved ones are in danger.
#53 - What If It's Him?
Day Break Season 1 - Episode 13
Hopper finally breaks the day and sees "tomorrow" only to find out, that the next day brings some more problems with it.
#55 - The Reunion
Baywatch Season 1 - Episode 11
At a reunion with high school friends, Mitch rekindles a romance with his former love named Allison. This leads to rivalry with Craig who also dated her in high school. When Craig left for New York to attend college there, Mitch and Allison became a couple. Now, Craig can't stand seeing Mitch and Allison together. And when Mitch is late to the preparation of the dory, they end up fighting. But later on, they decide to enter the dory race anyway. Halfway out there, they stop rowing and Mitch tells Craig that he had been in love with Allison from the first time he laid eyes on her. When Craig hears this, he forgives Mitch and they end up winning the dory race. They beat their friends Tony and Paul at the finish line. Eddie is frustrated because he doesn't have a car. So when his lifeguard buddy Corey offers him a Mustang in terrific shape for only $ 2 000, he buys it. Later, when he shows it to Trevor, he tells Eddie that the Mustang has been stolen. The serial number is missing. It turn
#58 - The Pine Bluff Variant
The X-Files Season 5 - Episode 18
Scully fears that Mulder has gone to the other side when she sees him assisting a federal suspect escape custody. In truth he has infiltrated a terrorist group testing a deadly biological weapon that can eat through a person's flesh.
#59 - Jose Chung's 'From Outer Space'
The X-Files Season 3 - Episode 20
A alien abduction of two teenagers with endless versions of the same story prompts a science-fiction novelist to to write a book about the incident; however, nobody involved with the investigation can tell him the full story with any accuracy.
#60 - Fidelis Ad Mortem
Castle (2009) Season 8 - Episode 15
When a recruit officer at the NYPD Academy is killed, Beckett and the team go back to their old training ground to investigate. Meanwhile, Castle must reckon with a decision with profound consequences for him and Beckett.
#62 - Brothers
Star Trek: The Next Generation Season 4 - Episode 3
While escorting a seriously ill boy to the closest Federation Starbase for treatment, Data mysteriously takes control of the Enterprise and takes it to a distant planet. He learns that his creator has summoned him for an important meeting that could change his life. However, Dr. Soong unknowingly summoned Data's twin brother Lore, into the bargain.
#63 - Our Town
The X-Files Season 2 - Episode 24
After several disappearances in a small town, Mulder and Scully investigate and find hundreds of human bones in the river. They discover that the man behind the town's main source of wealth, a chicken processing plant, has found a way to prolong his life through cannibalism.
#65 - F. Emasculata
The X-Files Season 2 - Episode 22
When a plague-like illness kills ten men inside a maximum security prison, Scully tries to get into the quarantine site and discover the cause and origin of the contagion, while Mulder and a group of US Marshals track two escapees who may be infected.
#66 - Død Kalm
The X-Files Season 2 - Episode 19
When half the crew of a Navy ship abandon their boat in a life raft and are rescued 18 hours later looking about 60 years older than they should be, Mulder suggests that the ship is caught in a time field which is speeding up their aging.
#67 - What If They Run?
Day Break Season 1 - Episode 2
Brett makes the decision to take Rita and try to make a run for it by getting out of town, in an attempt to escape the day. But he soon discovers the disastrous consequences of his rash actions on others.
#68 - Elementary, Dear Data
Star Trek: The Next Generation Season 2 - Episode 3
Stardate: 42286.3 Data and Geordi become involved with a holodeck program about Sherlock Holmes and his investigations, when they create Sherlock's arch nemesis, Moriarty; however, modifications to the Moriarty character include the capability of out-smarting Data, which leads to some unexpected consequences.
#70 - PhDead
Castle (2009) Season 8 - Episode 3
When the body of a local college fraternity student is found gruesomely murdered, Castle has to go undercover as a professor in order to gain access to the victim's world. However, he and Beckett soon discover that behind the fun and games of college are some darker secrets the university wants to keep hidden.
#71 - The Battle
Star Trek: The Next Generation Season 1 - Episode 9
Stardate: 41723.9 The Ferengi hand over an old ship which Picard once captained: the U.S.S. Stargazer. However, a mind altering device that has been planted on board alters Picard's mind to make him think that he is reliving a past battle, and the target is the Enterprise.
#72 - What If He Lets Her Go?
Day Break Season 1 - Episode 3
Hopper learns someone close to him may have been involved in framing him for Garza's murder. Meanwhile, some critical clues are revealed that could assist Hopper in making his nightmarish day finally end.
#74 - Pilot
The Lone Gunmen Season 1 - Episode 1
Teaser: A Mission-Impossible style break-in as Frohike and Byers attempt to steal the Octium IV chip from E-Com-Con's top security room. Langly fakes an allergy attack to distract security from their monitors. A "Bearded Man" is seen, and Langly obviously recognizes him. The "Bearded Man" takes advantage of the chaos to steal the chip -- right out from under Frohike's nose -- by hijacking the software that Byers is using to run the winch for Frohike's little trapeze getup. Byers is informed of his father's mysterious death. He hadn't spoken to his father in 11 years, since he got together with Frohike and Langly to start publishing the weekly newsletter, The Lone Gunman. At the funeral, a Mr. Helm introduces himself to Johnny as his father's long time friend, and offers to talk with him about his father's death. As the death is investigated, the Gunmen become more and more entangled in a terrorist plot (Scenario 12-D), eventually facing off against a governmental power known as Overlo
#76 - Agua Mala
The X-Files Season 6 - Episode 13
Arthur Dales summons Mulder and Scully to his holiday home in Florida where he is concerned over the disappearance of his neighbors. Despite the raging hurricane, Mulder and Scully head out to investigate and discover several strange deaths caused by an octopus-like sea creature that swam in through the overflowing sewer system.
#77 - Gender Bender
The X-Files Season 1 - Episode 14
A series of sexually-oriented murders, which are identical except that the killer appears to be both male and female, draws Scully and Mulder to an Amish-type community of people called the Kindred.
#78 - Terms of Endearment
The X-Files Season 6 - Episode 7
After a scan of a couple's unborn child is found to have strange growths protruding from the head and back, the fetus is taken from inside the mother by a demon creature while she is asleep. Mulder heads to investigate after Agent Spender dismisses the claims, and discovers that the father is actually a demon who wants to have a normal child.
#81 - Never Again
The X-Files Season 4 - Episode 13
While Mulder is forced to take a vacation he leaves Scully with an assignment to keep her busy until he returns. However, she decides to start living and goes on a date with a man who believes that his tattoo talks to him and is telling him to stay away from other women.
#83 - Aubrey
The X-Files Season 2 - Episode 12
When a detective mysteriously uncovers the remains of an FBI agent who disappeared in the 1940s while investigating a similar murder case to one she is now on, Mulder and Scully believe that the original killer had passed his genetic trait of violence to his grandchild.
#84 - The Walk
The X-Files Season 3 - Episode 7
After a suicide attempt and multiple murders at a military hospital, Mulder and Scully meet a quadruple amputee who has gained the power of astral projection and is taking out his personal frustrations on his commanding officers.
#85 - Trevor
The X-Files Season 6 - Episode 17
After a tornado rips through a prison camp, one of the inmates disappears from solitary confinement and the prison warden is killed. As Mulder and Scully track him, he appears to have the power to pass through solid matter while changing its composition.
#87 - The Fifth Quarter
Nightmares & Dreamscapes: From the Stories of Stephen King Season 1 - Episode 6
After a long period in prison, Willie Evans is released on probation and promises a straight life to his wife Karen. However, during the night, his former cell mate, Barney, who had lived with Karen for a period appears in their trailer bleeding. He reveals that he had participated in a 3.5 million dollar heist with four other criminals, the leader hid the money and gave one quarter of the map to each of them.
#88 - The Field Where I Died
The X-Files Season 4 - Episode 5
After an FBI raid on a doomsday cult called the "Temple of the Seven Stars", Mulder meets Melissa, a cultist who claims to have known him in a previous life during the American Civil War. Scully believes the woman is a delusional schizophrenic, but Mulder allows himself to be drawn into her fantasies.
#90 - Umney's Last Case
Nightmares & Dreamscapes: From the Stories of Stephen King Season 1 - Episode 3
In 1938 in Los Angeles, Clyde Umney is a divorced private eye successful with women. On the weirdest day of his life, he sees his world turning upside-down when he discovers that he is a character of a series of novels made-up by the writer Sam Landry. Sam is grieving the loss of his son and wants to swap position with Clyde.
#94 - Echoes
Fear Itself Season 1 - Episode 12
Sam believes that he was a sadistic murderer in a previous life. Fearful, Sam attempts to stop his previous life from bleeding into the present.