In this opening programme Marcus du Sautoy looks at how important and fundamental mathematics is to our lives before looking at the mathematics of ancient Egypt, Mesopotamia, and Greece.
A look at the rise of mathematics in the East, as the West entered the Dark Ages.
How Europe took over as the world's mathematical powerhouse by the 17th century.
Marcus du Sautoy examines unsolved problems that confronted 20th-century mathematicians.
In a documentary to mark the 100-year anniversary of the outbreak of World War I, Sir Max Hastings argues that although the war was a great tragedy, it was far from being futile.